The United States is facing a growing
epidemic of opioid addiction and overdose deaths.
Drug overdose is the leading cause of accidental death in the US, with over 52,000 lethal drug overdoses per year
75% of people addicted to heroin say that their drug abuse started with presciption opioids
Prescription opioid abuse cost insurers over $70 billion annually
Pharma Pax LLC has a new method for administering controlled substances
to patients through a device called a “PAX”
PAX is a disposable cap designed to fit a standard plastic pill
bottle to control the dispensing of a medication
Why Control Opioids?
Effective treatment of various conditions and diseases often requires patient compliance with scheduled medication regimens. When not under direct supervised care, patients must self-manage these regimens in their home and work environments. With certain medications, such as opiates, opioids and other pain management compounds, access control is a vital component of the regimen. This document is evidenced by the ever-growing epidemic sweeping the nation, with sales of prescribed medications to unauthorized users, over self medicating, and overdose cases flooding emergency rooms. Some school districts are even requiring the stocking of drugs to treat suspected opioid overdoses. As such, controlled access to prescribed medications during self-managed regimens is an important consideration.
In addition to the access control, timeliness in taking the prescribed medication is also important to the effectiveness of the regimen. Therefore, dispensing only a prescribed amount of medication at appropriate times using reasonable safeguards, and providing notification to a patient that the next dose of medication is available is highly desirable. As medication regimens often span a significant period of time, medication refills by pharmacy staff are required. Devices are known in the prior art that can be loaded and programmed by trained personnel. However, such devices are often costly, require significant time to program and reload for both the patient and the refill provider, and require substantial end-user training. Additionally, such devices often require the purchase and use of proprietary containers suitable for the device.
Therefore, a low cost, flexible, reusable or disposable, controlled access solid form medication storing and dispensing device which uses industry standard containers (pill bottles) is needed. Such a device providing a reasonable level of tamper prevention and indication and comprising features making it convenient to use and easily refillable is highly desirable.